Tuesday, July 19, 2011

DUTTA Soumitra, MIA Irene
Global Information Technology Report 2010-2011: Tranformations 2.0 World Economic Forum (2011)

The Global Information Technology Report series celebrates its 10th anniversary this year. The series has followed and tried to cast light on the evolution of information and communication technologies (ICT) over the last decade, as well as raising awareness about the importance of ICT diffusion and leveraging for increased development, growth, and better living conditions. The methodological framework of the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) has mapped out the enabling factors driving networked readiness, which is the capacity of countries to fully benefit from new technologies in their competitiveness strategies and their citizens’ daily lives. The Index has allowed private and public stakeholders to monitor progress for an ever-increasing number of economies all over the globe, as well as to identify competitive strengths and weaknesses in national networked readiness landscapes. In doing so, the NRI and the series have grown into a unique policy tool in the discussion and design of national strategies to increase networked readiness and overall competitiveness.

Global Innovation Index 2011: Accelerating Growth and Development INSEAD (2011)

The Global Innovation Index 2011 ranks 125 countries/economies across the world in terms of their innovation capabilities and results. The Report highlights those countries that achieve more innovation outputs surmounting weaknesses from the input side – the efficient innovators – and those that lag behind in fulfilling their innovation potential. Innovation performances are analyzed in reference to the income and regional groups. The GII is a collaborative effort of five Knowledge Partners, all international leaders in the area of innovation, led by INSEAD, and including Alcatel-Lucent, Booz & Company, the Confederation of Indian Industry and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), a specialized agency of the United Nations. An Advisory Board of nine international experts from IOs, NGOs and academia was constituted to contribute to the project at the research and dissemination stages. In addition, the ranking, which is based on a transparent and easily replicable computation methodology, was submitted to a statistical audit by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. The JRC has researched extensively on composite indicators and has developed, jointly with the OECD, the Handbook on constructing composite indicators (2008), with the state-of-the art in this area.

DUTTA Soumitra, PEZZINI Mario
InnovaLatino: Fostering Innovation in Latin America Ariel and Fundacion in collaboration with Editorial Planeta (2011)

InnovaLatino: Fostering Innovation in Latin America is the result of a collaboration between INSEAD and the OECD Development Centre, and funded by the Fundación Telefónica. The objective of InnovaLatino was to research innovation dynamics in the business and public sectors in Latin America, drawing attention to innovation experiments underway in the region, and advocating greater policy attention to innovation in national development strategies. This InnovaLatino report draws upon new evidence, information and analysis regarding innovation in Latin America. The report presents results from an exclusive survey of over 1500 manufacturing firms from eight countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay. The report also brings together over 50 case studies of various firms and organizations identified as innovation leaders in their sectors. Together, these data highlight that innovation means more than catching-up or even leapfrogging by imitating innovative firms from more developed economies. In several revealing cases, Latin American businesses are redefining global business by developing new business models. As regards critical success factors for fostering innovation, the report describes how several countries have institutionalised good practices that create a better environment for innovation. InnovaLatino highlights five aspects of Latin America's economic reality in order to offer important lessons for countries seeking to strengthen their innovation capacity: innovation in a natural-resource-abundant economies; policies to build innovation skills by enhancing formal education and university-business linkages; partnering and cluster policies; innovation and green growth; and the importance of information systems to monitor and assess innovation policies. Latin American economies -- like other emerging markets -- illustrate that our conception of innovation can no longer be limited to the activities of R&D laboratories. In a changing world where emerging economies are rapidly developing and increasing their relevance, Latin America has to be an innovation leader. InnovaLatino: Fostering Innovation in Latin America shows that Latin American organisations offer many examples of successful innovations. Business leaders and public policy makers must focus on multiplying those examples and ensure that innovation at the micro level translates into more productive economies at the macro level.