Tuesday, June 26, 2012

WUCHTY Stefan, SPIRO Jarrett, JONES Ben, UZZI Brian
Scientific Teams and Networks Change the Face of Knowledge Creation in Networks in Social Policy Problems (2012) 47-59

There is an acclaimed tradition in the history and sociology of science that emphasizes the role of the individual genius in scientific discovery (Merton, 1968; Bowler and Morus, 2005). This tradition focuses on the guiding contributions of solitary authors, such as Newton and Einstein, and can be seen broadly in the tendency to equate great ideas with particular names; for example: the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Euclidean geometry, Nash equilibrium, and Kantian ethics. The role of individual contributions is also celebrated through science's award-granting institutions, like the Nobel Prize Foundation (English, 2005).