Friday, August 9, 2013

A School Feeding Supply Chain Framework: Critical Factors for Sustainable Program Design

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Production and Operations Management Journal 23, 6 (2014) 990-1001

School feeding is an established development aid intervention with multiple objectives including education, nutrition, and value transfer. Traditionally run by international organizations in low-income settings, school feeding programs have had a substantial impact in many less-developed countries. However, recent rethinking by the World Bank and the World Food Programme has prompted a shift towards long-term, sustainable solutions that rely more upon local resources, local capacity, and community participation. Supply chain management, which is critical to program delivery, is vital to developing a sustainable approach to school feeding. We propose a theoretical framework that identifies the internal and external factors that shape the supply chain and connects them to the objectives and performance measures of sustainable programs. Drawing upon supply chain management theory, current school feeding practices and expert feedback, this paper contributes to development aid logistics and program transitioning with a focus on sustainable program design. It aims to provide a comprehensive introduction to school feeding and relevant supply chain issues, a framework to identify sustainability problems in school feeding supply chains, and a starting point for further research on program design.