Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Expanding Opportunities by Opening your Mind: Multicultural Engagement Predicts Increases in Integrative Complexity and Job Market Success

MADDUX William, BIVOLARU Eliza, HAFENBRACK Andrew, TADMOR Carmit T., GALINSKY Adam D.
Access the publisher's website Social Psychological and Personality Science 5, 5 (2014) 608-615

A longitudinal study found that psychological engagement in a general multicultural environment can predict subsequent success on the job market. Using a culturally diverse sample of students at an international business school, we found that “multicultural engagement” – the extent to which students adapted to and learned about new cultures – during a 10-month MBA program predicted the number of job offers students received at the end of the program, even when controlling for important personality/demographic variables. Furthermore, multicultural engagement predicted an increase in integrative complexity over the course of the 10-month program, and this increase in integrative complexity mediated the effect of multicultural engagement on job market success. This study demonstrates that even when individuals are exposed to the same multicultural environment, it is their psychological approach and engagement with different cultures that determines growth in integrative complexity and tangible increases in professional opportunities.