Sociology of Leadership in Organizations in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition), James D. Wright (Ed), Elsevier (2015) 664-669
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This article updates an entry made in the first edition of the Encyclopedia (2001). It maintains the same structure by opening with a discussion on the definitional confusion among researchers of leadership – a confusion grounded in the fact that leadership can be looked at either a property (the position of the ‘personalists’) or a process (the position of their opponents, the ‘situationists’). A number of influential leadership theories are examined, including theories that emphasize the importance of traits, behaviors, contingency, attribution, and symbolism. Charismatic and transformational leaderships are reviewed. Attention is given to the importance of the clinical paradigm in leadership research. Finally, we revisit developments in leadership studies since the first edition of the Encyclopedia a decade ago and propose emerging areas of research.