Tuesday, July 28, 2015

Innovation and Top Income Inequality

AGHION Philippe, AKCIGIT Ufuk, BERGEAUD Antonin, BLUNDELL Richard, HEMOUS David 
Read the working paper
INSEAD Working Paper 2015/50/EPS  

In this paper we use cross-state panel data to show that top income inequality is (at least partly) driven by innovation. We first establish a positive and significant correlation between various measures of innovativeness and top income inequality in cross-state panel regressions. Two distinct instrumentation strategies suggest that this correlation (partly) reflects a causality from innovativeness to top income inequality, and the effect is significant: for example, when measured by the number of patent per capita, innovativeness accounts on average across US states for around 17% of the total increase in the top 1% income share between 1975 and 2010. Finally, we show that innovation does not increase broader measures of inequality which do not focus on top incomes, and that innovation is positively correlated with social mobility, but less so in states with more intense lobbying activities.