Read the working paper
INSEAD Working Paper 2013/98/EFE
We compare the leadership evaluations of 1,748 global leaders by superiors, peers, and subordinates in ten national clusters to see whether global leadership styles differ between cultures, in answer to the question: Do global leaders in the East display different leadership behavioral patterns from their counterparts in the West? Our study uses data collected via the Global Executive Leadership Inventory (GELI; Kets de Vries, 2005), which measures global leadership behavior across twelve dimensions, to derive insight into whether ratings of global leaders differ on the basis of their cultural origins. The 360-degree feedback data in GELI allow us to evaluate global leadership behaviors from multiple perspectives: that of the leaders themselves, as well as their superiors, peers, and subordinates. Using multilevel modeling analysis of self-ratings and observer ratings, we find that while global leaders across the world display similar patterns of leadership behavior, there are significant differences in some leadership dimensions that can be attributed to the leaders‟ cultural origins.